El análisis de ciclo de vida aplicado a la construcción muestra que el uso de cenizas volantes—residuo producido por la combustión de carbón en centrales térmicas— aumenta la durabilidad del suelo, mejorando las condiciones de rendimiento en carreteras de tráfico de bajo volumen.
Researchers at the Universidad de Medellín, the Universidad Nacional de Colombia and the UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change ESCI-UPF have technically and environmentally assessed the use of industrial solid waste for the stabilization of secondary and tertiary roads. “The stabilization process is based on the mixture of waste with certain reagents, that is, substances that interact with others in a chemical reaction to create other compounds with different properties, characteristics, and conformation, known as products,” explains Pere Fullana i Palmer, director at the Chair and co-author of the study.
Published in Science of The Total Environment, the study shows that coal ash with caustic soda in a solid state, mixed with the soil, acts as a stabilizer increasing increase the resistance of the ground over 500%. “This mixture results in a binder material with similar characteristics to Portland cement,” points out Jaume Albertí, leader of the construction research line at the Chair and co-author of the study.
This work also includes an experimental design applied to the stabilizing product, showing the incidence of factors such as packing material or storage humidity on the load carrying capacity response. Through a life cycle assessment, the study shows that “from raw material extraction to factory gate, the highest environmental impacts are caused by caustic soda production,” according to the authors. “This result indicates that the solution may be feasible on roads near industries that generate this waste,” they conclude.
The researcher at the UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change, Ilija Sazdovski, writes about the last paper developed by the Chair. The article shows that including the variable of time in the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology is of the utmost importance for improving the accuracy of the traditional LCA model.
In the frame of the EUCLIDES Network, Prof. Pere Fullana and researcher Ilija Sazdovski from the UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change ESCI-UPFpresented a lecture at the UdG training programme Circularity of Polymers.
La jornada d’avui, 11 de febrer, convida a visibilitzar la feina de les investigadores i a crear referents per a les futures científiques. Per sort, de talent científic a casa nostra no en falta. Aquest any volem donar a conèixer un grup d’investigadores tan properes com potents: les integrants del projecte Hypatia I.